Do you want to share your privacies (letters, photos, and documents) with your family? You could have saved them in some accounts, but you didn’t because you just want to keep them secret. Are you ready to give your credit card number and PIN code to your teenagers; Give your Gmail or Facebook password to a sister; or even let some friends having lent your computer for a while, see all your family’s photos?
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A document saved on a desktop computer or a mobile phone left in a living room could quickly rise the curiosity people around you, or even anybody in the area.
Long time, encryption has been only accessible to governments. Now, it can be used by everybody. Even if you have not ever thought about that before, you obviously still have secrets that will be well kept encrypting.
Nowadays, many software give you an easy way to encrypt your data without being a real expert in the domain. Then, we have selected four (4) of them. People are unanimous in their effectiveness in terms of encryption. Then we can cite:
The AxCryptor software is a free software with a GNU (General Public License) that gives user access to the entire encryption methods through Microsoft Windows. This is a complete encryption software made in Sweden by Svante Seleborg for AxCrypt AB. His first cryptographic are AES and SHA-1.
With its high level of encryption, AxCrypt makes it possible to encrypt a file while using whether a second file containing a key or rather a password. It also allow user to save their files on the cloud, i.e. as DropBox or Google Drive .
AxCrypt is a fairly simple software to use. You just have to make a right-click on a file or folder and choose the encryption function you required. Then, you will be asked to enter a password and decrypt the file.
Any time you need to encrypt a file or folder, you have to log in by inserting your password. These latter can open again if your still connected. However, as soon as you log out, a password is required anew to open the encrypted file or folder.
This software is available for free download on the internet on the official website or on different download sites.
DiskCryptor is reliable software that has been demonstrated. With DiskCryptor, it is now very easy to encrypt a hard drive or other storage medium (SD card, USB flash drive, external drive). Open source software is a lightweight but powerful utility. It scans your machine to see all the disks connected to it. Once the disks are listed, just chooses the one you want to encrypt. To start the encryption, press the “Encrypt” button and a new window will open. It is through this latter that you will be able to choose the mode of encryption as well as your password. Pay much attention to the encryption configuration process if it is fast, because generally it is rather long and can last several hours.
In practice, it must be said that this software is practical. Indeed, it gives the user the possibility to create keyboard shortcuts. Better yet, the command line can be used to automate operations. Plus, it’s free.
VeraCrypt is a free licensed utility software used for on-the-fly encryption (OTFE). It has been developed by the French company IDRIX  and serves to create an encrypted virtual disk in a file or partition. The entire storage device requests an authentication before any virtual disk creation.
This software is included in the list of free software recommended by the French State as part of the overall modernization of its information systems.
VeraCrypt allows you to encrypt and decrypt your data. Based on the same interface as TrueCrypt, an abandoned project in 2014, VeraCrypt permits the users to encrypt entirely hard disks or USB keys and also create some encrypted partitions or even some protected “containers”. VeraCrypt offers a great number of encryption algorithms such as AES, serpent, Twofish as well as RIPEMD-160, SHA-256 and SHA-512 as hashing (Hash) algorithms.
With that software, one is able to directly mount and convert volumes created under TrueCrypt.
Dekart Private Disk
This is a powerful software. The use of this software make possible the creation of encrypted disk partitions capable of protecting sensitive and private files such as bank account numbers, passwords, and more others. It is also able to hide those data and apply protection restrictions.
Firewall: fight against malware and viruses.
Dekart Private Disk is made of a firewall mechanism. Thus, it can work simultaneously with the current antivirus of the user for a better security reinforcement.
Lists creation: the more interesting with such a tool (Dekart Private Disk) is its multitasking feature. In this regard, it can create a whitelist where the user adds the applications that are allowed to access the contents of the protected disk.
This software is freely downloadable.