It is clear that in the field of computer security, the female sex is largely under-represented.
In 2017, a study in the United States found that women hold only 14% of professional positions in the computer security sector. Globally, this figure was 48% of the overall workforce. In 2018 this figure fell below 10% in the Asia-Pacific region, 9% in Africa, 8% in Latin America, and Europe and the Middle East 5%.
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In the upper levels, the female sex is even less represented. Only 1 percent of cybersecurity workers have held or held significant management positions. "I study online crime and the security issues facing consumers, organizations and nations. In my research, I discovered that Internet security requires strategies that go beyond technical solutions. Women's representation is important because women tend to offer different perspectives and perspectives than men, and these under-represented perspectives are essential to combating cyber risks. observes Paul Laurent, editor-in-chief of the Repha.fr website.
From a certain point of view, we find that the fact that women are less represented in the field of cybersecurity is not something that is absolutely typical in this area. In science and technology, mathematics and engineering, women make up only 30% of scientists or engineers. Clearly the problem is one of the broader. Yet by looking at the global perspective of computer security, we can understand why women are not really interested in it. Indeed, it is given the impression that the field of computer security is a purely mechanical place where technical skills are the only ones to count. What tends to annoy, the feminine gente.
But beyond all this in the information technology sector, it has also been observed that women do not have many opportunities. Indeed, following a study of women who have careers other than computer science, it was revealed that 69% of these people mainly pointed out that they were not interested because she did not see opportunities for her or simply because she did not know them. In addition, there are the cheques of organizations to recruit women in their IT security team. The company specializing in the provision of computer security services Tessian pointed out that in one of its surveys, half of the organizations surveyed said they were doing everything possible to recruit the maximum number of women on their team was often unsuccessful. Among the causes, gender biases that are likely to discourage potential female candidates.
Yet many people believe that women's participation in the cybersecurity sector could make a significant improvement. For it was observed that women leaders in this field of it, place more importance in certain areas that men tend to neglect. And that's because of their background. 40% of women in the cybersecurity sector who graduate from business schools or social sciences, compared to 30% of men who are part of it. In addition, "Internet security professionals place a higher priority on internal safety and risk management training and education. Women are also strong advocates of online training, which is a flexible and inexpensive way to educate employees about safety issues. points out Paul Laurent.
Increasing the number of women in computer security is not only a gender issue but also a business issue. Indeed, a study published in the Ernst and Young report shows that women will have control over 75% of consumer discretionary spending worldwide by 2028. While we know that consumer purchasing decisions from now on are focused on issues such as encryption, security incident detection and biometric security. From now on, designing a product must merge the concept of cybersecurity and usability. These kinds of things are usually a woman's specialty.
So how do we attract women to computer security? This is totally simple. Indeed, it is enough for different organizations, whether governmental, non-profit or even commercial, to work together on the issue through short-term or long-term partnership projects. One example is the CyberGirlz project, now known as the Shift Community, funded by Israel's Ministry of Defense, with the aim of identifying high school girls with skills and wills in the field of computer security or other technological sectors.
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