China has always been known as a fairly restrictive country in terms of openness to the world.
This practice has spread to technology as well as the Internet. Today's Internet users have less and less freedom when using this technology.
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Since 2017, regulations have begun to rain to regulate the face of the Internet in China even more restrictively. In addition, the Chinese government has put in place a set of policies to regulate internet-related systems. Regulation that today is decried by several companies present in Chinese territories. China is generally blamed, in particular for its extreme control and surveillance. Increased control of the web in China has not started now but from the beginning. This will be further intensified with the development of big data technology and artificial intelligence. From now on the Chinese government has several tools to carry out its companion increased surveillance on its population. Is it just economic conditions or reality? the media are talking about it and several testimonials from Chinese or tourists are also making cases. This phenomenon also affects foreign companies based in China.
Chinese President Xi Jinping explains the whole process the essential need to establish a healthy and safe cybersecurity environment which is now an essential foundation for the very notion of security National. That is why he said: "Without cybersecurity, there is no national security." we understand then the tense rapprochement made between the Computer Security Act 2017 and the 2015 national security and the 2016 terrorism issue.
By browsing the contents of the 2017 cybersecurity, essentially, important elements could be identified:
– The sensitive and important data collected by all Companies based on Chinese soil must be stored in local corporate servers China.
– Computer equipment used deemed sensitive must first be checked and then approved by the Chinese government through a specialized body.
– specialized structures must supervise, and then ensure that data collected in the territory Chinese are safe and comply with confidentiality rules.
On the other hand, it can be noted that the definition of what the Chinese government calls "sensitive data" is not really specified in the 2017 law. that which of course gives a field wider action Chinese government to prosecute or punish anyone using non-compliant information, which it considers to be a breach of security National. As for the notion of confidential data, this is about the most same thing because the apprehension is still unclear.
Moreover, the first requirement that any data collected or generated by companies based on Chinese soil must store on a server installed in China is already a real problem for foreign companies. For the latter would thus expose themselves to industrial espionage by the Chinese authorities. In effect, this law requires companies to allow Chinese authorities to have access to company data if they believe it is in the interest of national security. Which, of course, is a problem.
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